My calendar tells me that today is Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Why? Because those who do not remember the past are doomed to repeat it.
|The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, in Berlin|
"For the dead and the living, we must bear witness." Elie Wiesel
|Underneath the Holocaust memorial are three rooms highlighting various aspects of the Holocaust. The first room had excerpts from letters.|
German-Jewish poet Heinrich Heine
|A window in the ground on the Bebelplatz, a little square on Unter den Linden in downtown Berlin. It's a reminder of Kristallnacht, the night the Nazis burned books. It is simply empty shelves.|
"Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions." Primo Levi
|The memorial at Dachau. Jews, gypsies, gays, residents of Eastern Europe, the mentally ill and political and social dissidents all fell victim to the Nazi regime. Doctors conducted medical experiments on the living and dead alike.|
|In the completely dark tunnels underneath the southern Dutch town of Maastricht, Jews were smuggled out of nearby Germany and to safety. One of those Jews, who scratched his name into the wall, returned in the '80s not as a victim but as a survivor.|
|Anne Frank's house in Amsterdam. Of the eight people who hid here for years, only her father survived.|
|A weeping willow behind the synagogue in Budapest -- the largest synagogue in Europe. |
This area used to be a Jewish ghetto.
|Memorial to the European Roma (the gypsies) who also were herded into |
concentration camps and systemically wiped out.
|A memorial in Berlin to all who have been the victims of war and tyranny.|
"I swore never to be silent whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented." Elie Wiesel
"It happened, therefore it can happen again: this is the core of what we have to say." Primo Levi